Posts Tagged ‘bingara’
The foundation stone of a new Masonic temple was laid this afternoon by Wor. Bro. William Finkernagel, P.M. A procession of members of the Lodge of Gwydir, together with visitors, marched from the present lodge room to the new building. The ceremony was witnessed by large numbers of residents. The temple will be of brick, and will occupy a good position near the post office.
PLANT BEATS INSECT IN PLACES.
The Minister for Lands, Mr. Sinclair, said yesterday that it had been demonstrated that a combined policy of biological and mechanical treatment was essential to cope with the prickly pear pest.
“As each year progresses.” he added, “it is found that methods which were considered right at one time have to be discarded in favour of newer methods of attack.
“Not only have we the old natural habits of the pear to combat, but it has been found that the plant altered its habits to endeavour to resist the attacks.
“In different parts of the State the results have varied. In the western division, north from Collarenebri, the regrowth pear has continued to thrive unchecked by the cactoblastis insect.
“In the Bingara-Inverell district, where the cactoblastis did excellent work over a considerable area early in the year, a heavy growth of young pear is in evidence.
“In part of the Moree-Boggabilla district much young pear is growing, while in other areas, particularly in the Belar and Brigalow, country, re-growth is very light.”
EFFECT OF ALTITUDE.
Mr. Sinclair said that in the Scone-Denman district the pear had been practically wiped out on the rough sandstone country, while on the basalt country a peculiar position had arisen.
On the lower country, he added, the insects were doing good work, while in the same class of country at higher altitudes they had failed to make any impression on the pear.
“To overcome the position,” Mr. Sinclair said, “Analyses of the various soils and plants are being made in co-operation with the Commonwealth Pear Boards.”
The Minister said that steps had been taken to collect cactoblastis, where they were plentiful, and distribute them in areas where they were scarce.
“While the dry season retarded the growth of the pear in parts of the State,” he said, “it had an injurious effect on the insects.
“Over a big part of the State, particularly in the Hunter River Valley, a very considerable area of scattered seedling pear has made its appearance. Special steps are being taken to require the destruction of this scattered pear before it fruits.”
Last year 461,883 acres of pear were treated by the Prickly Pear Destruction Commission. In addition, many thousands of acres were treated by land owners.
Seventeen prickly pear leases, comprising 13,797 acres, were granted.
NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR.
(From the Maitland Mercury Correspondent.)
Bingera, 26th April, 1853. I left Bingera to the middle of last December, and returned yesterday. On the road from Tamworth I met about thirty people returning from here, but that did not discourage me, for last year instead of meeting returning Bingera visitors in tens, I met them in hundreds, and yet I found it to be the best diggings that I had tried. In this I do not wish to infer that I had more perseverance than those parties I have mentioned, but circumstances made me remain sufficiently long on the field to give it a trial, which I would not otherwise have done. The miners here only require perseverance to ensure success, for all those, so far as I am aware, who have given this field a long trial, have found it a remunerative one. And if the old hands who are here do well, why should others not do so likewise : One of the first fortunate discoverers of this gold field, found, yesterday, a fine large piece of pure water worn gold, which he showed me to-day, and which he said weighed rather upwards of seventeen ounces. He found it near the surface, on a high part of the western side of the ridge, on a spot which is about twenty yards from Wm. Thomson’s old water hole. A number of men washed a considerable quantity of earth, some twelve bags, all round the spot where it was found, and only got a small particle of gold for their trouble. This is a strange goldfield ; the diggers are so scattered over three miles of this table land, that one seldom sees above one party at work at any part of it.
We have had a great deal of rain, and I have no doubt that there will be a sufficiency of water in the water holes to last out for the winter, for those of the diggers who have the means of carting their washing stuff to them. The great drawback to the diggers here is the scarcity of water, and those who have any idea of trying these diggings should try them now, for it is a fine climate to winter in, and during the season I should not think there would be any difficulty in making reservoirs.
The Rev. Mr. Clarke has visited this field lately, and has, I believe, expressed a high opinion of it. From what I have been able to learn I think there will be about two hundred ounces of gold send down next escort, which is a first-rate yield for the small number of diggers at work.
Mr. D. H. Drummond, the Minister for Education, addressed a large gathering here in support of the United Country party candidate, Mr. Colin Sinclair.
He said that Australia was like a waggon badly bogged, to which five teams, with their leader, the Commonwealth, had been hitched, in an endeavour to pull the waggon out of the morass. The biggest team of all, New South Wales, had not only refused to join in, but had actually been hitching on to the back, and pulling in the opposite direction. The great issue for the electors was whether they were going to endorse the policy followed by the Stevens-Bruxner Government, of placing New South Wales alongside the five other teams, in a united effort to place Australia’s waggon on the high road to prosperity.
He emphasised the imperative necessity of a great constitutional reform that would prevent Langism ever having control of such an important State again. This could best be achieved by granting self-government to areas such as New England, and preventing political adventurers from pilfering the people’s rights by making it necessary for them to seek a straight-out mandate from the people by a referendum. No surer safeguard existed for the prosperity of New South Wales. Never again, in the history of Australia, should any State be allowed to become so polluted as to threaten to destroy the great ideal of Australia – one people, one flag, one destiny.
The rapid advancement we are making was well illustrated by the demonstration at the the ceremony of opening the Bingara District Hospital on Boxing Day. At half-past ten a large concourse of people assembled at the courthouse in the centre of the town, where, headed by the town band, a procession was formed, consisting of the children of the Public and Convent schools marching four abreast, followed by the friendly societies, in full regalia, in the order named, viz. : Druids, Good Templars, Oddfellows, the general public bringing up the rear. After reaching the hospital buildings, which are pleasantly situated on an elevated site overlooking the Gwydir River, the Secretary, Mr. D. H. Scott, announced that, owing to the unavoidable absence of the President of the Institution, Mr. Hugh McDonald, at the request of the committee, the Mayor bad kindly consented to perform the opening ceremony.
The Mayor said, owing to the absence of the President, it had fallen to his lot to perform the opening ceremony. He need scarcely say he was sensible of the honour and privilege of being permitted to do so. The occasion marked an event in the history of the place, and showed we were marching in the van of progress and civilisation. He sincerely trusted that all who might have occasion to avail themselves of the benefits of the institution would always receive good treatment, with every care and attention. Here we could all meet on a common ground to assist in supporting an institution that knew no creed, or colour, or nationality, the doors of which would always be open to receive all classes without distinction, to relieve the needs of suffering humanity. As Treasurer of the institution, be informed them that after paying all expenses in erecting and furnishing the buildings, and making a liberal allowance for contingencies, there would remain a credit balance of £220 to commence the new year with. He therefore had much pleasure in formally declaring the building open, and trusted the institution would fulfil the purposes for which it was erected.
Mr. D. H. Scott then read the Secretary’s report, giving a brief history of the movement from its inception to finish, remarking that notwithstanding the hostility and prejudice in certain quarters, a signal success had been achieved.
Contributions amounting to £40 were then banded in, after which, at the call of the Mayor, cheers were given for the Queen, Governor, and the success of the institution ; and, at the instance of the Secretary, cheers for the Mayor and ladies.
The assemblage then dispersed about the hospital grounds to witness the sports held under the auspices of the institution, which passed off without a hitch. The band enlivened the proceedings during the day. The various events resulted as follows :
Maiden Plate.–Albert Gill, 1 ; L. Duncomb, 2.
All-Comers’ Handicap-G. Parkins, 18 yards, 1 ; W. Bull, 8 yards, 2 ; T. Connolly, 8 yards, 3.
Throwing at Wicket.-F. Wearne.
Three-legged Race.-D. McManus and A. Gill.
Quoit Match.-Turner, 1; Newman, 2.
Old Man’s Race -Castletine, 1 ; Neil, 2
High Jump.-F. Wearne, 5 feet 2 inches.
Farewell Handicap,-T. Connolly, 1 ; J. White, 2 ; W. Ling, 3.
In the evening, skating and dancing took place at the Criterion Rink, the Hospital funds benefiting £7 thereby.
Harvesting operations are in full swing ; although touched with rust, there will be an average wheat crop.
Pastoral matters never were brighter than at present.
Mining still occupies a number of men in the various localities adjacent to the town. At Hayman’s Rush several parties are on good gold, and the majority are making wages.
Town Improvements – Mr. O’Dell has completed his new cordial factory, and also a comfortable cottage adjoining it, in Cunningham-street. The new Anglican Church is a very handsome edifice of brick, with cement facings : his Lordship the Bishop of Grafton and Armidale is to formally open it on the 5th January. Mrs. Miller has made further additions to her hotel, and Mawson Brothers have made improvements and alterations in their stores. Mr. Byrne’s extensive buildings, just finished, are quite an ornament to the town. A magnificent plate glass front of 54 feet in length presents an imposing appearance. The interior of the stores, which are lofty and spacious, are fitted up on the most approved principles for the conduct of a large general trade. Mr. Gibson’s two-storied building in Finch-street is approaching completion, and various other improvements are projected.
The season is the best we have had for years. As I now write, it is raining steadily.
The Municipal Council is getting into working order. Directly the Government aligns the streets some very necessary work will be at once commenced.
Wishing the Mercury and its readers prosperity for the coming year, with the compliments of the season to all, I now draw these few notes to a close.
Bingara, Dec. 28,1889.
At the official opening of the new engine and generators at the works of Clifton’s, Ltd., electricity suppliers to Bingara, Mr. D. V. Clifton, governing director of Clifton’s, Ltd. who had come to Bingara by aeroplane from Sydney, congratulated the people of Bingara for having thought out a scheme for the building of an up-to-date aerodrome. He said it was the right way to put Bingara on the map. The site inspected that day would make one of the best aerodromes in New South Wales.
To The Editor Of The Herald
SIR, – As the subject of railway extension is engaging the attention of the whole colony more or less, so to speak, and noticing a letter in your column of the 22nd ultimo, signed “Thomas Moser,” I desire to make a few remarks in reply.
Mr. Moser strongly recommends the Armidale route and supposes most of the members of Parliament totally unacquainted with the country, otherwise his apparently pet line would be adopted.
Before the line via Manilla, Barraba, and on to Inverell, is so sweepingly condemned, it may not be out of place to compare the relative merits of both routes.
The Moonbi range has been considered the great bugbear to overcome in constructing a railway line to Armidale.
But lo ! and behold, the range can be avoided, and’ by a tortuous and circuitous route the line may be made to Armidale. But what is the nature of the country to be traversed? Why, all along the Cockburn river the country is mountainous, hilly, and rugged, with exception of a few patches good land here and there adjoining the watercourse.
The country all around Surveyor’s Creek maybe similarly described, and no one who has travelled there would for one moment compare it to the rich and fertile district all along the line from Tamworth to Inverell, by way of Barraba, Bingera, and Myall Creek.
There are it few good farms about Walcha, but their area is very limited indeed.
Leaving Walcha behind,there in nothing worth mentioning until you come to the vicinity of Armidale, where there is certainly excellent agricultural land ; but unless farming is carried on upon scientific principles in that district, it will in a few years become another Camden, where the country was so often cropped with the same cereal (wheat) that the strength and substance of the soil became completely exhausted. and farming had to be given up.
Armidale farms are fast approaching this climax, as the average yield last year was only 11 bushels per acre.
Mr. M. wisely says but little of the route beyond Armidale, but suggests that there would be would be no difficulty in crossing the Commissioner’s water, said water being about five miles due east of Armidale on the Grafton road, I suppose, this divergence is meant in order to avoid the “Devil’s Pinch,” situated nearly halfway between Glen Innes and Armidale, and presenting engineering difficulties of no mean order.
Now, let any unbiased, unprejudiced party or posse of members from both sides of the Assembly look at the geographical position of the two routes referred to; and, with the surveyors and engineers’ reports before them, they would to a dead certainty never recommend a main trunk line, via Armidale, according to the route described by Mr. Moser and others, who appear to have little or no knowledge of the country they condemn by way of Barraba.
In a national point of view it would be to the interest and benefit of any Government to construct the main line of railway so as to embrace good land, large resources, as well as being centrally situated.
The route by Barraba, and the other places mentioned, possesses all those qualifications in a pre-eminent degree, as testified by the able report of that line by Mr. Surveyor Wade.
Mr. Abbott, the member for the Tenterfield electorate has been roundly rated by Mr. Moser, and other Armidale champions for giving a true and faithful description of the country from Tamworth to Inverell, as well as graphically pourtraying the Armidale route, he (Mr. Abbott) knows so thoroughly, which appears to have been very unsavoury to our Armidale neighbours.
Mr. Moser asks how it comes about that we had to send so many thousands of our sheep and cattle to the Armidale district last summer in order to save their precious necks, the answer is easily given.
The Armidale district was favoured with copious showers of rain when most of tho colony was suffering from the effects of a severe drought, and flockmasters has no alternative but travel their stock wherever feed was to be found.
Now, with reference to the country between Tamworth and Barraba (a distance of sixty miles, and almost level), it cannot be surpassed ; but it has been termed a barren waste. What are the facts? Mr Edward Newton, J. P., has grown wheat which yielded45 bushels to the acre. Mr. Salter has grown maize which gave returns of 60 bushels to the acre. The vine grows luxuriantly, and the wine produced compares favourably with the celebrated Bukkulla wine of this district, and the resources all along the entire route on to the Queensland border immeasurably transcends that by way of Armidale.
Take, for instance, the quantity of tin ore raised, which in itself would form no mean item of revenue to a railway, and the tin mines promise to be permanent, as much of the land taken up by large companies and abandoned are now being profitably worked by private enterprise.
The wool, tallow, hides, fat stock, and all other produce from the vast territory to the west of Inverell and other towns situated upon this route, would pour into the main trunk line to swell the railway receipts; besides the country would gradually become more and more populated, as the land being well adapted for settlers of every description.
The Armidale writers and speakers set great store upon their population, but let the population of the Gwydir district be added to Inverell, Tenterfield, and the whole of the country embraced in the line advocated, and it will be seen that the number far exceeds that by the coast-line, so to speak, of the Armidale route.
The Inverell people do not care a farthing should the snorting iron horse pass them thirty or forty miles to the westward, as thereby a much wider field would be opened out for a main trunk line of railway.
It may not be generally known that there are several seams of coal situated about forty miles west of Inverell; however, such is the fact, and in the event of a railway being constructed, a new industry would spring into existence in this rich and otherwise fertile district.
I have said nothing about the large amount of wheat grown in this district as it is well known to be one of the finest portions of the colony for cultivating that cereal, and each succeeding year adds to the area cultivated.
We have several large vineyards in our midst, chief of which is the celebrated Bukkulla, belonging to Messrs. Wyndham, Brothers; Mr Ross’s, Mr. Seitz’s, Mr. A. Murray’s, and Captain Williamson’s being next in rank, besides many others now firming, so that at no distant date we shall be able to export wine upon a large scale. This proves the superiority of our soil and climate beyond a doubt.
But I must conclude, fully believing that the powers that be, when assembled in solemn conclave, will decide upon constructing the extension of the main trunk line of railway through the territory that will be to the greatest advantage of the colony in general.
Apologising for occupying so much of your valuable space,
W. SWANSON. Inverell, 6th August.